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A referent is the thing or person, event, concept, and so on that the noun or noun phrase stands for. The ADV that follows be is, with certain exceptions, limited to when and where information.
This slot is labeled as adverbial rather than simply as adverb because the adverbial information is often expressed by a structure other than a simple adverb. Adverb is the name of a word class; adverbial names the function that adverbs carry out.
One of the most common adverbial structures is the prepositional phrase, a two-part structure consisting of a preposition—a word such as in, out, up, down, under, between, for, from—and its object, most commonly a noun or noun phrase. This slot is the subject complement, which both completes the verb and modifies or describes the subject.
Only an adjective will fit.
Example: The diligent student is very diligent. Besides adjectives, we sometimes find prepositional phrases filling the subject complement slot in Pattern II sentences.
These are set phrases, or idiomatic expressions, that name an attribute of the subject: You are out of your mind. She is in a bad mood. To figure out that such sentences do not belong to Pattern I, you can usually think of an adjective, a single descriptive word, that could substitute for the phrase: You are crazy.
She is cranky. You can also rule out Pattern I because such phrases do not supply information of time or place. The subject complement renames the subject; be, the main verb, acts as an equal sign, connecting the subject with its complement.
V NP1 Lnk verb became scholars. The adjectival describes or names an attribute of the subject, just as in Pattern II. The Philadelphia-area school's Catholic nuns taught him the art of diagramming a sentence.
Once all the parts of speech lined up, Mallon pulled clarity from the chaos. It's a process he uses today to tackle tough issues as chief executive and chairman of Measurement Specialties Inc.
Take the issue apart into its component parts. Make sure all the components fit together well.
They've got to be well chosen, fit together and make sense. There are few business problems that can't be solved that way, as dire as it might seem," Mallon said. Because of the graphics-rich nature of this endeavor, we cannot respond with help on diagramming questions beyond what is offered here.
As seen above, the different subclasses affect grammatical number and quantification. Dual membership, conversion[ edit ] Complicating the membership of the basic subclasses described above is the existence of some nouns which have dual membership in more than one subcategory and the conversion of a noun from its basic subcategory to a different subcategory.
See the noun membership section. Nouns like brick and cake have dual membership. For example, observe the following sentences with brick: The house was made of brick. This can be determined by the lack of an article preceding brick, which is a characteristic of uncountable nouns and, thus, this sentence is parallel to a sentence like The ball was made of rice. In the second sentence, bricks is a countable noun because it is plural, which is a characteristic of only countable nouns and, thus, this sentence is parallel to a sentence like The toy house was made of matches.